Mombasa is the second-largest city in Kenya, with a population of about 1.2 million. A regional cultural and economic hub, Mombasa has a large port and an international airport, and is an important regional tourism center. Located on the east coast of Kenya, in Mombasa County and the former Coast Province, Mombasa’s bordering the Indian Ocean made it a historical trading center, and it has been controlled by many countries because of its strategic location. Mombasa is a major trade center and home to Kenya’s only large seaport, the Kilindini Harbor. Transport modes include air, train, road, matatu, tuktuk, boda-boda, sea and ferry. Mombasa, with a population of 900,000, is no sleepy seaside village. Its beachfront hotels appeal to travelers in search of sun, sand and surf, while it’s Arab, Indian and colonial European heritage makes a wide variety of sights to see.The major religions practiced in the city are Islam, Christianity and Hinduism. Over the centuries, many immigrants and traders have settled in Mombasa, particularly from Iran, the Middle East, Somalia, and the Indian sub-continent, who came mainly as traders and skilled craftsmen. There are also a number of tourists.